IMEPS is an energy-efficient multi-fuel productive stove which enables up to 30% of fuelwood savings.
During the dry season, approximately 8,000 Cambodian farmers and their families rely on additional income-generating activities such as small-scale food processing (palm sugar, noodle, rice wine production), using inefficient productive stoves combined with non-renewable biomass sourcing. Beyond the environmental impact of these unsustainable practices, more and more farmers have to drop these off-season income-generating activities because of the scarcity of firewood and its rising price.
To face these social and environmental challenges, GERES developed the Improved Multi-Energy Productive Stove (IMEPS) Continue reading →
A cooking lesson to promote the improved cookstove efficiency compared to a traditional cookstove (22% less of wood consumption).
From December 2014 to December 2016, GERES conducted an AusAID-funded project aiming to introduce and promote Improved Cookstoves in Kampong Cham and Thbong Khmum provinces. The project supported the dissemination of 90,000 ICS in both regions and allowed to gather critical lessons learned for further dissemination of improved cookstoves in Cambodia.
The objective of this project was to address the prevailing barriers to ICS dissemination in Cambodia, notably among the poorest. Continue reading →
It is quite lamentable that the biggest contributor – biomass – to Cambodia’s total energy mix is also one that gets probably the least attention among researchers and government alike.
Biomass energy makes up 70 percent of Cambodia’s energy consumption, more than 90 percent of which – according to FloWood: A Study of Biomass Energy Demand Patterns in Cambodia undertaken by GERES from the middle of 2013 till end-2014 – is supplied by woodfuel (firewood and charcoal), representing 4.3 million tons (or 2 million ton oil equivalent) of Cambodia’s primary wood consumption annually.
By Thomas Chaumont, Romain Joya and Silvia Pergetti August, 2013; updated by Neeraj Joshi February, 2014; updated by Silvia Pergetti October, 2014
Access to energy, as an inherent factor of growth, is intertwined with development. Scaling up the availability of affordable and efficient energy services is key to attain Cambodia’s development targets.
In 2012, Cambodia energy consumption amounted at 4.7 Mtoe, mainly attributed to the residential sector: domestic cooking represents 34% of the final energy demand, and household-scale businesses might account for another relevant portion of it. As of now, the industrial and transport sectors represent minor energy consumers, but they are both projected to grow exponentially in the coming years.
In order to meet the demand of Cambodian users, in 2012 Cambodia imported or extracted 5.5 Mtoe of primary energy sources. In particular, the strong need for biomass puts pressure on natural and forest resources.
Cambodia’s total energy consumption is projected to grow in the next decades. Current policies at national and international level aim at addressing energy poverty and creating preconditions for growth. In particular, hopes of policy-makers are set on hydropower. Given its importance, biomass energy remains at the core of policy-making efforts in Cambodia.