By Thomas Chaumont, Romain Joya and Silvia Pergetti August, 2013; updated by Neeraj Joshi February, 2014; updated by Silvia Pergetti October, 2014
Access to energy, as an inherent factor of growth, is intertwined with development. Scaling up the availability of affordable and efficient energy services is key to attain Cambodia’s development targets.
In 2012, Cambodia energy consumption amounted at 4.7 Mtoe, mainly attributed to the residential sector: domestic cooking represents 34% of the final energy demand, and household-scale businesses might account for another relevant portion of it. As of now, the industrial and transport sectors represent minor energy consumers, but they are both projected to grow exponentially in the coming years.
In order to meet the demand of Cambodian users, in 2012 Cambodia imported or extracted 5.5 Mtoe of primary energy sources. In particular, the strong need for biomass puts pressure on natural and forest resources.
Cambodia’s total energy consumption is projected to grow in the next decades. Current policies at national and international level aim at addressing energy poverty and creating preconditions for growth. In particular, hopes of policy-makers are set on hydropower. Given its importance, biomass energy remains at the core of policy-making efforts in Cambodia.